Cardio-respiratory Complexities Solved Essay

Cardio-respiratory Complexities Solved Essay

Heart Attack

It is a cardiovascular disease which results in the interrupted blood supply in coronary arteries which supply blood to the heart muscles. The blockages can be from fatty materials or any other substance which build up in the coronary arteries; they break down to form clots which cause interrupts the normal blood supply to the heart muscles (Zipes et al., 2018). Reduced blood flow causes damages to the muscles hence unable to function well. The patient may present with chest pains, restlessness, shortness of breath, among others. A heart attack is also referred to as myocardial infarction. It can be fatal if not managed promptly. According to Sidney et al. (2016), 610,000 people die of a heart attack in the united states every. However, it is promising that the treatment has been improving over the years, and the numbers are expected to reduce.

Prevention and Health Promotion of Heart Attack

Fortunately, a heart attack can be prevented, and there are several measures which can help those at risk reduce the chances of getting it. Yusuf et al. (2015), explains some of the steps which include; Regular exercise, which is beneficial by increasing the strength of the heart muscles and ensuring proper blood circulation. Exercise also manages weight hence reducing the risks of developing blood pressure and also lowers the cholesterol levels. Stress is another potential cause of heart attack; therefore, among other ways of managing stress, exercise is useful for its management.

Reduced alcohol intake and quitting smoking reduces the risks of getting a heart attack because its use increases the blood pressure. Enough sleep is also vital because it reduces the risk of developing high blood pressure, obesity, and also developing stress which are all potential causes of a heart attack. Eating healthy is also important, fatty foods, and high caloric foods should be consumed controllably.


Sidney, S., Quesenberry, C. P., Jaffe, M. G., Sorel, M., Nguyen-Huynh, M. N., Kushi, L. H., … & Rana, J. S. (2016). Recent trends in cardiovascular mortality in the United States and public health goals. JAMA cardiology1(5), 594-599.

Yusuf, S., Wood, D., Ralston, J., & Reddy, K. S. (2015). The World Heart Federation’s vision for worldwide cardiovascular disease prevention. The Lancet386(9991), 399-402.

Zipes, D. P., Libby, P., Bonow, R. O., Mann, D. L., & Tomaselli, G. F. (2018). Braunwald’s Heart Disease E-Book: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. Elsevier Health Sciences.