Treating breast cancer in women using chemotherapeutic agents has resulted in neurological complications that further reduces the quality of life of the cancer patients. These adverse effects are specifically neurocognitive; attention deficit and mood disorders. Music therapy has been found to help women undergoing cancer treatment to cope up with the effects of these chemotherapeutic drugs. One article has been reviewed it this paper to explore this phenomenon. The article being reviewed in this paper a research study by Teresa Lesiuk (2015), “The effect of mindfulness-based music therapy on attention and mood in women receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer: A pilot study. Oncology Nursing Forum, 42(3), 276-282.” The purpose of this paper is to briefly explain the effects of music on cancer patients and examine how the research was conducted by the author. Nurses are the people providing care to this patient in most healthcare settings. Therefore nurses should consider playing patient-preferred music to women with breast cancer who developed attention deficit and mood disorders.

  Research question

The pilot study by Teresa Lesiuk had specific objectives that were to be achieved by the end of the research. These objectives were formulated from the research question of the pilot study. The research question was one but sought to address to different parameters on women; what are the effects of Mindfulness-Based Music Therapy on the attention of women receiving adjuvant chemotherapy (Lesiuk, 2015). The parameters being measured in this study are concentration and mood. Therefore this research question was appropriate to the research and the participant in the study. Neurocognitive deficits are some of the significant side effects chemotherapy in cancer patients.

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Research design

The authors of this article employed descriptive quantitative research designs which utilized the longitudinal study approach. ..

Sample size

Data collection methods

The researchers were the people collecting the data from the participants. Data collection was through baseline method. The assessment was either direct indirect. Direct collection of data is where the researchers themselves collected and recorded data from their participants. Incidental data collection involved the use of electron such computer to record data from participants (Sandler et al., 2017). This two employed the two methods where the researchers and the computer collected data from the participants. Researchers and respondents assembled in one place to facilitate baseline method of collecting data. Face-to-face interviews were also utilized by the researchers to get precise information. The observational process of collecting data or direct assessment was appropriate for this study due to the first-hand information received. Repeated observation on the same subjects by the same researchers provided consistency of the data being obtained. This process aids in delivering accuracy of data (Sandler et al., 2017).Accurate data forms the basis of validity and reliability of the information. The respondents received the mindfulness-based music therapy individually at a time. This was according to their preferences. Their identity was only known to the researcher. This provided confidentiality of the process which boosted the relationship between the participants and the researchers

Limitation of the study.

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After data were collected, they were analyzed using SPSS and ANOVA for them to be interpreted. The pilot study reveals that mindfulness-based music therapy has a significant influence on the attention and the mood of the women on cancer chemotherapy. Repeated use of music therapy resulted in a substantial improvement the level of awareness of women after an extended period (Lesiuk, 2015). Mood disturbance reduced significantly over an extended period. This study looks into the mood states of depression and anxiety of the patients. It is found that the states are stable after the music therapy.

Fatigue is a common characteristic in all cancer patients on chemotherapy. This study did not include fatigue as one of its parameters, but it is evident that music therapy has an impact on patient fatigue. The level of fatigue after the music therapy was compared to before the exercise and results had a significant difference. Elevated mood and the level of attention results in better outcomes as far patient fatigue is a concern in chemotherapy(Lesiuk, 2015). Future research should focus on measuring the level of fatigue in all patients with cancer and come up with interventions to reduce such cases. Care providers should initiate music therapies of patient preference to aid maintaining their mental status. This is going to improve the quality of life among women with breast cancer.


Use of chemotherapeutic agents in treating cancer among patients has resulted in improving the quality of women due to reduced and systemic effects of the disease. There also harmful or undesired effects of such medication in cancer treatment. Such include neurocognitive impairment in women with breast cancer. This pilot study specifically aimed at addressing the impact of mindfulness-based music therapy on such women. …. In conclusion, music therapy is essential for cancer patients with altered mental status due to the side effects of chemotherapeutic agents used for treating the diseases. Incorporation of this form of music therapy will improve the outcomes of cancer treatment.


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Lesiuk, T. (2015). The effect of mindfulness-based music therapy on attention and mood in women receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer: A pilot study. Oncology Nursing Forum, 42(3), 276-282.

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