Grand Nursing Theories: Jean Watson’s Theory.
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Jean Watson came up with the Theory of Human Caring which is a grand nursing theory that works to bring focus to nursing as a new discipline that was to have its unique values, knowledge, and practices as well as distinct ethics and missions to the society (Alligood, 2014).
Jean Watson’s philosophy and Theory of Transpersonal Caring entails the manner unto which nurses provide their care services to the patients and the way unto which the care provided progresses to come up with a plan that promotes health and well-being of an individual and at the same time curb illness development and restore the health of the patient. Click here to see some Nursing Theories of practice.
According to Watson’s theory, nursing aims at promoting health, preventing illnesses, caring for the sick as well as restoring health. It is evident that this theory concentrates more on the health promotion aspect rather than the medical cure in the management of a patient. Her nursing model recognizes that…….
… It states that unlike other human characteristics, nursing is not passed from one generation to the other via genes but transmitted by a culture that exists in the profession as a unique way of coping with the environment (Alligood, 2014). This can be applied by…
Nurses should also consider persons as human beings that are influenced by various aspects of life and not necessarily the ailing parts. When this is taken into account, holistic approach and patient-centered care will prevail in the patient care.
The theory also has the health aspect referring to unity and harmony that is present in peoples mind, body and soul. This can be a view of being in line with individual perception and experience that turn to be congruent. It can also be viewed as a general adaptive-maintenance level of daily functioning (Willis & Leone-Sheehan, 2017)….
Application of Jean Watson’s Theory to a Problem
While I was carrying out a home visit and a follow up to a patient who had undergone eye surgery in our operating room, the 76-year-old male patient was having other conditions and was being managed for diabetes mellitus for around 11 years with the sugars being stable as the management was superb. At the same time, he had stroke secondary to hypertension with left side weakness. The patient was married, and they were living in a settled environment in one of the apartments. Three weeks before the visit, their daughter was killed just outside the apartment by….
In assisting the family in their situation, Jean Watson theory can be applied to guide the care that they are being offered to alleviate them of their problem. Jean Watson theory is appropriate for this situation because it will be able to bring the association that exists between various health determinants in this family (Alligood, 2014). It is one of the middle range explanatory theories which usually brings out the relations between various concepts. Middle range theories explain ….
The middle range theories were developed by Robert Merton which concentrated on explaining the phenomena observed in various sociological environments via determination of the core causative mechanisms (Hedström&Ylikoski, 2014). In his observations, …He developed these in the twentieth century when he was one of the prominent sociologists…..
…. Among the possible solutions that we generated with the wife was to get assistance on the side of care provision that will relive her of the workload that she was having. These acts were in line with the Watson’s model that recognized nursing as an association between individuals and the healthcare providers.
The application of Watson’s human caring theory would enable me to learn and be able to come up with a long-term care in such a community which the family of my patient would care for. At the same time, my practice would change to incorporating and collaborating with other healthcare providers such as nutritionist and occupational who would intervene in the patient’s diet and functionality respectively. In the long haul, the outcome of the care would be significantly improved (Sitzman& Watson, 2013).
….In general, middle range theories provide a basis that guides nursing practice by touching on various determinants of health. It, therefore, allows for assessment and determination of areas of action. The theories allow for description, explanation, and prediction of various determinants and outcomes that can be expected from the concepts. It hence gives a definitive guidance to the healthcare providers.
Alligood, M. R. (2014). Nursing theorists and their work. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Brousseau, S., Cara, C. M., &Blais, R. (2017). A Humanistic Caring Quality of Work Life
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for Human Caring, 21(1), 2-8.
Hedström, P., &Ylikoski, P. (2014). Analytical sociology and rational-choice theory. Analytical
sociology: Actions and networks, 57-70.
Roy, S. C. (2013). Synthesis of Middle Range Theory of Adapting to Life Events. Generating
Middle Range Theory: From Evidence to Practice, 233.
Sitzman, K., & Watson, J. (2013). Caring science, mindful practice: Implementing Watson’s
human caring theory. Springer Publishing Company.
Watson, J., & Brewer, B. B. (2015). Caring science research: Criteria, evidence, and
measurement. Journal of Nursing Administration, 45(5), 235-236.
Willis, D. G., & Leone-Sheehan, D. M. (2017). Watson’s Philosophy and Theory of
Transpersonal Caring. Nursing Theorists and Their Work-E-Book, 66.