Family Interventions to enhance patient outcomes in the treatment of Diabetes in Adults

Family Interventions to enhance patient outcomes in the treatment of Diabetes in Adults

The treatment and management of diabetes in adults requires a range of interventions that include, medications reducing blood sugars, physical exercises, weight reduction and general lifestyle modification. According to Powers et al., 2016, such management is dependent on the practices each adult subscribes to in relation to their lifestyle practices. the mismanagement of the condition can also lead to various advance situations such as retinopathy, cardiovascular conditions, nephropathy and gangrene limbs that end in amputations. In the long haul, premature death can occur despite the fact that the prevention of such instances is possible.

In normal instances in managing diabetes, the patients with diabetes are identified, and multiple management options are explored to assist the patient to regulate their sugars. The intervention strategies may encompass taking medication with follow up occurring at the healthcare facilities. There also exist being part of the various phases of self-care which encompasses the exercises, healthy dieting, monitoring of the blood sugars by use of glucometers and keeping to the prescribed drugs as illustrated by Kitsiou et al., 2017.

Baig et al., 2015 reiterates the family member has the power to act in assisting a diabetic patient to go through the various treatment modalities with a lot of ease to avert and improve the outcome of managing diabetes. In the recent past, multiple studies have subjected family-based interventions among the adults having diabetes to tests geared towards determining its efficiency and efficacy.

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In consideration of the fact that many activities geared towards the treatment and management of diabetes in adults occur in the family, the integration of the family members is vital for the entire process to run smoothly. Despite the fact that the identified articles indicated distinct effects on the management of diabetes, the improvement on various aspects is evident. The improvements encompassed better dietary habits, exercise activities, increased knowledge ability for both the patient and the family as well as maintaining appointment in the follow-up facilities and adhering to the prescribed diabetes medications.


Baig, A. A., Benitez, A., Quinn, M. T., & Burnet, D. L. (2015). Family interventions to improve

diabetes outcomes for adults. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences1353(1), 89-


Chew, B. H., Mohd-Sidik, S., & Shariff-Ghazali, S. (2015). Negative effects of diabetes–related

distress on health-related quality of life: an evaluation among the adult patients with type

2 diabetes mellitus in three primary healthcare clinics in Malaysia. Health and quality of

life outcomes13(1), 187.

Grey, M., Schulman-Green, D., Knafl, K., & Reynolds, N. R. (2015). A revised self-and family

management framework. Nursing outlook63(2), 162-170.

Kitsiou, S., Paré, G., Jaana, M., & Gerber, B. (2017). Effectiveness of mHealth interventions for

patients with diabetes: an overview of systematic reviews. PloS one12(3), e0173160.

Powers, M. A., Bardsley, J., Cypress, M., Duker, P., Funnell, M. M., Fischl, A. H., … & Vivian,

  1. (2015). Diabetes self-management education and support in type 2 diabetes: a joint

position statement of the American Diabetes Association, the American Association of

Diabetes Educators, and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Journal of the Academy

            of Nutrition and Dietetics115(8), 1323-1334.