Each institution usually strives to provide the best service to their clients to maintain their reputation and, retain and expand their markets. This has been achieved through the implementation of universally accepted ethics. These are the behavioral standards of behavior that each professional should display or demonstrate their practices (Tribe, & Morrissey, 2015). The principles have also helped individuals to perform their duties effectively and consistently leading to personal development in their field of practices. Professional counselors must employ these code of ethics in ensuring that the clients receive the best possible level of care. The first section of this paper will focus on how counselors employ the ethical principles to maintain the rights of the clients in their practice.

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 Clients rights

Counseling process should make the welfare of the clients as the priority. The goal of care services provided should be beneficial to the clients. This is according to the principle of beneficence  (Vinay, Lakshmi, & Math, 2016). Professionals counselors should ensure that their needs do not come before the needs of the clients always.  Individuals for counseling are entitled to equal treatment by those providing the services…

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During the process of counseling, legal requirements for individuals to participate in any form of the interview must be complied with. Informed consent is one of the legal requirements that the counseling process should adhere to. Counselors should be in a position to bring the clients into the process without violating their rights in any manner. Clients should be oriented comprehensively on the characteristics of the process (Spatz, Krumholz, & Moulton, 2016). The explanation should be both in writing and verbal where the client is expected to participate in both without any form of coercion. Both ethical and legal aspects are present in the informed consent, and it’s the responsibility of the counselors to ensure all of them are adhered to throughout the process.

 Responsibility to Warn and Protect.

 Client Record-Keeping.    


While providing counseling services, social workers are expected to observe some ethics that will promote self-protection. These ethics offer counselors with opportunities to deliver useful counseling services to the patient (Corey, Muratori,Austin, & Austin, 2017)…

Advocacy for counselors.

Counselling requires advocacy. The advocacy should be both for the counselors and the counseling process…

Counselor values

Abortion and gay adoption are two issues that I have a strong feeling about. The concern about rape cases on the 19-year-old is a critical one that I have a personal view…

Gay adoption is a legal exercise by the individual. Two individuals with differing opinions should be counseled accordingly. Since the two want to have a family, respecting their actions is the first step that should be taken. Adopting a child looks the best option since it will not have the other process of waiting for the child by the couples. Adoption does not have any biological connection with either of the parents. Surrogacy has genetic components of one parent. This may result in future conflicts of the real owner of the baby among the two parents.


Bond, T., & Mitchels, B. (2014). Confidentiality & Record Keeping in Counselling & Psychotherapy. SAGE.

Corey, G., Muratori, M., Austin, J. T., & Austin, J. A. (2017). Counselor Self-Care. John Wiley & Sons.

Kress, V. E., Minton, B., & Casey, A. (2015). Thomas J. Sweeney: A visionary leader and advocate for the counseling profession. Journal of Counseling & Development, 93(1), 114-118.

Lustgarten, S. D. (2015). Emerging ethical threats to client privacy in cloud communication and data storage. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 46(3), 154.

McMahon, G., & Palmer, S. (2014). Handbook of counselling. Routledge.

Pope, K. S., & Vasquez, M. J. (2016). Ethics in psychotherapy and counseling: A practical guide. John Wiley & Sons

Spatz, E. S., Krumholz, H. M., & Moulton, B. W. (2016). The new era of informed consent: getting to a reasonable-patient standard through shared decision making. Jama, 315(19), 2063-2064.

Tribe, R., & Morrissey, J. (Eds.). (2015). Handbook of professional and ethical practice for psychologists, counsellors and psychotherapists. Routledge.

Vinay, B., Lakshmi, J., & Math, S. B. (2016). Ethical and Legal Issues in Psychotherapy. In Ethical Issues in Counselling and Psychotherapy Practice (pp. 199-217). Springer, Singapore.