The Received View of science and research for nursing knowledge development is a traditional, positivist approach. It is based on the belief that scientific knowledge is objective truth and is based on universal and absolute laws. The Received View emphasizes the importance of empirical data and the scientific method, and it is typically associated with a reductionist approach to studying phenomena. The received view assumes that the researcher can be unbiased in their study and that the results will be reliable and valid. It is a set of assumptions, values, and beliefs widely accepted by the nursing profession as authentic and valid (Gray et al., 2021). This view is rooted in the history of nursing and is often linked to nurses’ academic and clinical education. As a result, understanding and challenging the received view can be challenging, as it is often seen as the only acceptable way of thinking.
The Perceived View of science and research for nursing knowledge development is a more subjective approach based on the belief that knowledge is based on individual experience and interpretation. It is typically associated with a more holistic approach to studying phenomena. It emphasizes the importance of social context and the subjective experience of the research subject (McEwen, M., & amp 2019). Additionally, the Perceived View is an approach that acknowledges the subjective nature of science and research and focuses on the researcher’s own experience and perspective. This approach acknowledges the role of the researcher in the development of knowledge and the potential for bias in the study’s results.
Postmodernism applied to science and research for nursing knowledge development is an approach that is critical of traditional approaches to science and research. It views science and research as inherently flawed and biased and emphasizes the importance of social and cultural influences in shaping knowledge development. Postmodernism further challenges traditional notions of truth and objectivity and proposes an alternative view of knowledge as a social construct subject to multiple interpretations. Postmodernism Applied to Science and Research for Nursing Knowledge Development is an even more radical view that suggests that science and research are no longer based on objective facts but on subjective experiences and interpretations. This view suggests that science and research are ever-changing based on social, cultural, and political values and beliefs. This view suggests that science and research are unpredictable processes constantly adapting and changing.
The philosophical view of nursing research that most closely aligns with my views of nursing science and research is the constructivist view. This view emphasizes the importance of understanding the perspective of different stakeholders, including the nurse, the patient, and the family. This view is essential to ensure that research is tailored to meet the needs of the individual and that research is conducted in a way that honors the rights and autonomy of the patient.
The philosophical view that will most likely guide my dissertation research is the positivist view. This view emphasizes the importance of examining phenomena through the use of empirical evidence and the importance of using scientific methods to collect and interpret data. This view is essential for ensuring that my research is based on rigorous and reliable evidence (Leach et al., 2018). Furthermore, this view will help to ensure that my research findings are valid and reliable and can be applied to a larger population.
The positivist view of nursing research will influence my contributions to nursing knowledge by helping to ensure that my research is based on reliable evidence and scientific methods. Furthermore, this view will help ensure that my research findings apply to a larger population and help further our understanding of the phenomena being studied.
McEwen, M., & Wills, E. M. (2019). Theoretical basis for nursing (5th Ed.). Wolters Kluwer Chapter 1, “Philosophy, Science, and Nursing” (pp. 2–22)
Gray, J. R., & Grove, S. K. (2021). Burns & Grove is the practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and evidence generation (9th ed.). Elsevier. Chapter 1, “Discovering the World of Nursing” (pp. 1–15)
Leach, M. J., & Tucker, B. (2018). Current understandings of the research-practice gap in nursing: A mixed-methods study. Links to an external site. Collegian, 25(2), 171–179.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2017.04.008
National Institute of Nursing Research. Links to an external site. (n.d.). https://www.ninr.nih.gov
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