Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit theory

Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit theory

OREM self-care deficit theory

  • Self-care is important in the setting of everyday practice. Based on the individuals’ innate drive to enhance their life, it is overt that they require self-care skills to advance this desire. During normal days, life brings different kinds of anxieties; however, it is paramount to concentrate on the mental and physical health(Mohammadi, Hasanpour-Dehkordi, & Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, 2016). This should be upheld during and after health to uphold the best self. Self-care theory advocates for both mental and physical health. Orem helped in availing the necessary tools and resources to facilitate accessibility at all times.
  • Self-care theory fosters the development of a relationship between the various aspects of nursing. Basing on her prime goal, Orem wanted to develop a framework that would ascertain the proper organization of knowledge and nursing (Wong, Ip, Choi, & Lam, 2015). Before conceiving about the idea, she first developed a series of questions in regards to the realities in the field of nursing. She received motivation from the capability to practice nursing but lacked an appropriate way of communicating services in the realm
  • self-care as a crucial aspect of the lives of individuals is a reflexive regulatory function meant to ascertain the provision of materials required to promote life, growth and development and the sustenance of integrity in people (Alligood, 2014). It encompasses diverse concepts embedded in its delivery process. The first concept is the self-care requisites that are acknowledged as the aspects required to cause the maintenance of proper functioning of the body system(Wong, Ip, Choi, & Lam, 2015). It is a general definition for development in health.
  • Self-care agency offers the capability to participate in the formation of satisfactory activities of self-care(O’shaughnessy, 2014). Some of the basic components that influence this concept are development, health, education, socio-cultural factors, and age. Agents play a role of providing care while dependent agents receive the care.
  • self-care demand offers a combination of demands that are vital in meeting the given prescriptions of activities in self-care for a given duration of time(Wong, Ip, Choi, & Lam, 2015). In advancing the service, agents have a role of utilizing relevant measures specified by requisites of self-care.



Alligood, M. (2014). Nursing theorists and their work (1st ed.).

Mohammadi, N., Hasanpour-Dehkordi, A., & Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, A. (2016). Re-designing Orem′s self-care theory for patients with chronic hepatitis. Indian Journal Of Palliative Care, 22(4), 395.

O’shaughnessy, M. (2014). Application of Dorothea Orem’s theory of self-care to the elderly patient on peritoneal dialysis. Nephrology Nursing Journal41(5), 495.

Wong, C., Ip, W., Choi, K., & Lam, L. (2015). Examining Self-Care Behaviors and Their Associated Factors Among Adolescent Girls With Dysmenorrhea: An Application of Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory. Journal Of Nursing Scholarship, 47(3), 219-227.


(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)