Different methods for evaluating evidence
Critical appraisal tools
Critical appraisal is considered as a key process in research-based practice. The objective of critical appraisal involves literature methodological flaws(Hess, & Frantz, 2016). Additionally, it is used to provide the users of research-based evidence a platform of making the informed decision concerning the quality of evidence-based practice(Sreeraj, Shivakumar, Rao, & Venkatasubramanian, 2017). The tools are used in different studies with the mandate of determining the weight of the research-based evidence. The objective of the critical appraisal tools involves accessing if the research can be employed through evaluation of the outcome of the targeted population(Lang, &Teich, 2014). Can be employed in the different type of trials including randomized and non-randomized trials.
QUOROM (Quality of Reporting of Meta-Analyses)
The method is used in reporting or analyzing the research evidence based research by carrying out a meta-analysis. The meta-analysis is aimed at determining the applicability of evidence-based research(Liu, Kinzler, Yuan, He, & Zhang, 2017). The QUOROM is applied mostly in randomized trials with the aim of determining the effectiveness of a given intervention to the targeted population.
The research-based evidence should be evaluated against the outcome that is either long term, short term or intermediate. Various factors should be considered when evaluating the research-based evidence for interventions. This includes the certainty level of the casual relationship between observed outcomes and the intervention. Various types of tools are employed in the evaluation of research-based evidence. Some of the tools are used in determining the acceptability of academic journal consisting of research conducted. The critical appraisal tool had a wide applicability and used in the evaluation of research-based evidenced conducted in biological and social science. The QUROM is employed in meta-analysis reporting to determine the effectiveness of an intervention to a given population.
Hess, D., & Frantz, J. (2016). Self-assessment of final-year undergraduate physiotherapy students’ literature-searching behaviour, self-perceived knowledge of their own critical appraisal skills and evidence-based practice beliefs. African Journal Of Health Professions Education, 8(2), 174. http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/ajhpe.2016.v8i2.580
Lang, L., &Teich, S. (2014). A critical appraisal of evidence-based dentistry: The best available evidence. The Journal Of Prosthetic Dentistry, 111(6), 485-492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prosdent.2013.12.001
Liu, X., Kinzler, M., Yuan, J., He, G., & Zhang, L. (2017). Low Reporting Quality of the Meta-Analyses in Diagnostic Pathology. Archives Of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, 141(3), 423-430. http://dx.doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2016-0144-oa
Sreeraj, V., Shivakumar, V., Rao, N., & Venkatasubramanian, G. (2017). A Critical Appraisal of Long Acting Injectable Antipsychotics: Translating Research to Clinics. Asian Journal Of Psychiatry. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2017.03.018