Women’s Health

Women’s Health


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem affecting women whose cause is unknown, but majority of it is attributed to genetics. As a result a woman with PCOS  has a higher likelihood to have a mother or sister having a similar problem, (Woman health, 2016).

Effects and examination of PCOS

PCOS causes changes in the body such as the menstrual cycle, hormone balance, body appearance and the ability to have children. A nurse practitioner address the challenge of PCOS  by examining their medical history such as changes in weight, monthly periods do a pelvic to see if there is increased the number of cysts or if it is swollen or can take the blood to measure the level of androgen hormones, (Woman health, 2016).

Risks complications associated with PCOS

PCOS affects women during pregnancy period in that they cause miscarriage, gestational diabetes or delivery that occurs premature, (Hailes, 2016). These are the complications that arise from PCOS. On the other hand, there risks on the woman health such as risks of heart attack , getting high blood pressure and being diabetic, (Hailes, 2016). Lately, nurses have observed that women with PCOS have a tendency of developing anxiety and depression. As from these cases, women are advised to see the doctor for guidance.

Causes of vaginal bleeding

Occasionally, vaginal bleeding that is abnormal during adolescent stage results from physiologic causes, organic pathologic causes and hypothalamic dysfunction that come from excessive exercise, (Quint & Smith, 2016). In postmenopausal women, it is observed that bleeding results due to noncancerous growths in the uterus inside the vaginal canal.

While doing analysis, there are chances of observing non-tender mass in the lower-left quadrant. This result shows that they are a cyst that causes swollen or enlarged ovaries. The question to ask is if the patient has been having vaginal bleeding or pains in the lower abdomen. If the answer is right, the doctor should carry out an abdominal ultrasound to determine the type of cysts.


Quint, E. & Smith, Y. (2016). Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents. Medscape. Retrieved 23 September 2016, from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/456474_2

Hailes, J. (2016). Complications rsulting from POCUS. Jean Hailes For Women’s Health. Retrieved 23 September 2016, from https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/pcos/complications

Woman health,. (2016). Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) fact sheet | womenshealth.gov. Womenshealth.gov. Retrieved 23 September 2016, from http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/polycystic-ovary-syndrome.html#i