Pulmonary Functioning Testing

Pulmonary Functioning Testing

Among the many respiratory diseases burdening the healthcare sector is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. The disease accounts for the most cases of mortality and morbidity globally. People with COPD commonly present with: difficulty in breathing, shortness of breath and chest tightness, chronic productive cough and wheezing sound as they breathe on top of recurrent lower respiratory infections. Unintended wasting can be experienced in later stages. The symptoms are related to obstruction of the airway caused as a result of an inflammatory response to stimuli (Han et al., 2017). Statistics indicate that larger percentage of people suffering from this condition have a history of tobacco smoking.

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COPD diagnosis

Comprehensive medical history of a person presenting with symptoms like dyspnea, chronic coughing and production of sputum is essential. This symptoms are suggestive of COPD. In most instances, medical history indicates mid-life onset of the suggestive features, slow progression of symptoms and history of exposure to risk factors, smoking being the main.

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COPD is treatable with early diagnosis. Management strategies depend on the individual assessment findings and future risk of exacerbation…

Prevention strategies

Avoidance of exposure to risk factors especially smoking and chemical fumes and dust that can trigger inflammatory reactions along the respiratory system (Andreas, 2014)…

Case study

The patient is a 65-year-old patient. He presented with progressive productive cough especially in the morning when cold, and difficulty in breathing which worsens with activity. He worked with a chalk industry for 10 years starting late 20s, no history of smoking. No history of a chronic respiratory disease in the family.

Treatment and management

The following drugs were administered to him:

Bronchodilator: salbutamol tablets 4mg three times a day. In addition was salbutamol inhaler in case of the worsening of the breathing difficulty. he uses 2 puffs per session.

Corticosteroid: prednisolone 5mg three times a day.

Antibiotics: Amoxil 500mg three times a day

On top of drugs, the patient was encouraged to engage in exercises like walking and take a lot of water to help in loosening the secretions hence excreted easily. The patient ought also to avoid cold which will exacerbate the condition. On nutrition, the patient was advised to eat healthily to avoid wasting.


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Casas, F., Blanco, I., Martínez, M. T., Bustamante, A., Miravitlles, M., Cadenas, S., … & Torres,

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Han, M. K., Dransfield, M. T., Martinez, F. J., Stoller, J. K., & Hollingsworth, H. (2017).

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: definition, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and


Kakarla, B., Boddula, R. P., & Gongati, P. (2016). Relation between body mass index, forced

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