Psychoanalytic and humanistic perspectives

Psychoanalytic and humanistic perspectives

The psychoanalytic perspective of personality possess a pessimistic view of the nature of human being and mainly assert that most of the personality structures are unconscious. The perspective points out the conflicts that arise in man following interaction between the conscious and the unconscious motives (Campos et al. 2014). Conversely, humanistic perspective outline a more optimistic view of the nature of the human being since it mainly focus on the inbuilt potential that man possess and their free will that makes governs choices(Campos et al. 2014). The humanistic perspective identifies the possibility of self-actualization in human beings.

Some of the similarities that exist between the two perspectives are that they both address how critical sex is in the human development(American Psychological Association, 2017). Similarly, these perspectives maintain that all people undergo development that they ought to undergo to fullness. Besides, both perspectives possess weakness in their lines of view (American Psychological Association, 2017). For instance, the psychoanalytical perspective fails to provide empirical research findings. On the other hand, the humanistic perspective is ambiguous in nature since it does not point out how to identify if a personal needs have been fully attained.

One of the differences between these perspectives is that they possess contradictory principles that make it possible to develop a clear demarcation between them (American Psychological Association, 2017). Likewise, humanistic perspective identifies that human beings have some control over their development (Seligman, & Csikszentmihalyi, 2014). However, psychoanalytical perspective points out the inability to control development in man. In addition, psychological perspective points out that development only occurs through certain stages (Aron & Harris, 2014). Conversely, humanistic perspective identifies that development continually occurs until attainment of a certain final point.


American Psychological Association. (2017). PsycNET – Display Record. Retrieved from


Aron, L., & Harris, A. (2014). Relational Psychoanalysis, Volume 5: Evolution of Process. Routledge.

Campos, R. C., Mesquita, I., Besser, A., & Blatt, S. J. (2014). Neediness and depression in women. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic78(1), 16-33.

Seligman, M. E., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2014). Positive psychology: An introduction (pp. 279-298). Springer Netherlands.