Ethical and Spiritual Decision Making in Healthcare

Ethical and Spiritual Decision Making in Healthcare

Worldviews are what shape how people interact with the world around them and with others. There are very many different worldviews today depending on one’s beliefs. This paper seeks to discuss the various worldviews from a Christian point of view.

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Question 1.

The prime reality, according to the Christian theism, is the personal God as revealed in the Bible as being one God who is also triune, not bound by the natural limitations, all knowing, all present, all-powerful, sovereign, holy, and merciful (Carnell, 2007).

Question 2.

The nature of the world around us, the external reality, is that God created the world. God commanded all things in the world into place. However, as it is right now, the world around us is not as orderly as it was when created. This change was caused by the fact that God gave the man a free will to do things without the intervention of God. The fall of man affected the relationships of man which also translated to the chaotic world we see today. The world around us is matter because we can touch and feel things around. However, there is also the spiritual world which is also as real as the physical world.

Question 3.

A human being is a person that was created by God, in His (God’s) image and likeness. That is, a human being was created to look like God and function like God functions; to do things the way God does things. The human being looking and functioning like God is, however, not physical but spiritual. That is, a human being only looks like God in the spirit, not physically.


Question 4.

Death is inevitable. When one dies, their soul lives on. The dead stops functioning in the physical world around us and instead functions in the spiritual level. Depending on the relationship the person had with God while they were still alive, they will either go to hell or heaven (Moreland, 2003). The people who had a good and working relationship with God go to heaven (be with God) while those who rejected God go to hell (be without God, separated from God).

Question 5.

It is possible to know all things because we, human beings, were made in the image and likeness of God. That means that we look and function as God. God is all-knowing. So, if we look and function as God, it means that it is possible for us to also know all things.

Question 6.

Human beings can know right and wrong because of two reasons. First, we know that God is good and always right. So, when we know God, we know right. When we know right, we can tell the wrong. Second, human beings received in them the nature to know right and wrong after the fall of man. This new nature that man received means that even a person who does not know God has an ability within them to know right and wrong.

Question 7.

The human history is to know the purposes of God here on earth and to fulfill those purposes while maintaining a good relationship with both God and the other people.

In conclusion, these various worldviews, in as much as they might have different answers, are what shape the way we, human beings, live and spend our time here on earth.



Carnell, E. J. (2007). An Introduction to Christian Apologetics: A Philosophic Defense of the Trinitarian-theistic Faith. Wipf and Stock Publishers.

Moreland, J. P., & Craig, W. L. (2003). Philosophical foundations for a Christian worldview. InterVarsity Press.